Jails and Prisons

Behind Bars II: Substance Abuse and America’s Prison Population
The National Center on Addition and Substance Abuse at Columbia University

Prison Count 2010: State Population Declines for the First Time in 38 Years
The Pew Center on the States

National Reentry Resource Center
The Resource Center, established by the Second Chance Act, provides assistance to the prisoner reentry field. We provide education, training, and technical assistance to states, tribes, territories, local governments, service providers, nonprofit organizations, and corrections agencies working on prisoner reentry.

The Fiscal Crisis in Corrections: Rethinking Policies and Practices
VERA Institute of Justice
Reviews enacted FY2010 corrections budgets and recent state legislation. It finds that 22 state departments of corrections (of 33 that had enacted state budgets at the time of printing) experienced budget reductions and details how they have absorbed the cuts. Common strategies include finding operating efficiencies, working to reduce the rate at which offenders return to prison, and accelerating the release of lower-risk inmates.

Cutting Corrections Costs: Earned Time Policies for State Prisoners
National Conference of State Legislatures
Explores cost-cutting policies that speed release of inmates who complete programs and activities designed to increase their chances of success once they return to the community. NCSL’s statutory review describes the eligibility criteria and incentive structure for earned time policies in 31 states. It summarizes several research studies that find earned time policies can save substantial funds while maintaining or reducing recidivism rates. It also includes three brief Q&As with a leading policy analyst from Washington State, a Kansas legislator and Pennsylvania’s corrections director.

One in 31
The Pew Center on the States

Prisoners in 2007 (2008)
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
The latest statistics on jail and prison populations.

One in 100: Behind Bars in America 2008
The Pew Center on the States

Putting Public Safety First: 13 Strategies for Successful Supervision and Reentry
The Pew Center on the States
The JEHT Foundation, in collaboration with the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) asked the Urban Institute to convene meetings of national experts on community supervision. The Pew Center on the States published their recommendation in this document.

Putting Public Safety First: 13 Parole Supervision Strategies to Enhance Reentry Outcomes (Paper)
The Urban Institute
The Urban Institute published a more detailed strategy report with additional funding from the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA).